Brazil rose two places in the 2022 Corruption Perceptions Index, according to a Transparency International report released on Tuesday, which accuses former President Jair Bolsonaro of creating “the largest institutionalized corruption scheme” ever.
In this year’s edition of the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), prepared by the non-governmental organization (NGO) Transparency International, Brazil reached the same 38 points, on a scale of zero to 100, that it received in 2021.
According to this NGO, Jair Bolsonaro’s term (2019-2023) “was marked by the dismantling of anti-corruption structures that took decades to build.”
Transparency International believes the Bolsonaro government “created the largest institutionalized corruption scheme ever known in Brazil, known as the ‘hidden budget'”.
“With this plan, billions of reais served to favor political allies, with serious implications for health, education and infrastructure policies.” best moments.
According to the report, “the combination of corruption, authoritarianism and economic depression” proved “particularly volatile” in the country.
Considered a country to watch in 2023, Transparency International notes that Brazil’s current president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and his Workers’ Party “have not yet presented a concrete anti-corruption plan for the future, nor have they defined how they will restore the autonomy of key institutions, such as the General Prosecutor’s Office, the Federal Police and the environmental services.”
Brazil’s trend over the past five years has translated into an increase of three points, but considering the last 10 years, it has lost five.
The CPI was created by Transparency International in 1995 and has since become a benchmark in the analysis of the phenomenon of corruption, based on the perception of experts and business executives on the levels of corruption in the public sector.
It is a composite index, that is, it is derived from the combination of corruption analysis sources developed by other independent organizations and ranks 180 countries and regions from zero (considered very corrupt) to 100 points (very transparent).
In 2012, the organization revised the methodology used to create the index to allow comparison of scores from one year to the next.